Some types of mental illnesses require the use of medications, while others don’t. Although mental health illnesses may require medication, doctors are often able to treat patients on a temporary basis and avoid long-term treatment. For mild or chronic mental illnesses, a primary care provider can provide treatment while a multidisciplinary team approach is most effective. Although mental illness medication does not cure any specific affliction, it can help relieve symptoms and make other treatments more effective. Before taking any medication, make sure to discuss the benefits and possible side effects with your doctor.
Not all mental health illnesses require medication. Some people with these disorders may recover completely on their own or require more extensive treatment. For the more severe forms of these disorders, medications may not be enough. In some cases, brain stimulation treatments may be required, including repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation, deep brain stimulation, and vagus nerve stimulation. Some severe mental illnesses require psychiatric hospitalization. Psychiatric hospitalization includes 24-hour care and may be required for certain people. Residential treatment may also be necessary. Another option is intensive outpatient treatment.
As with any medicine, psychiatric medications can have their benefits and drawbacks. It is important to weigh potential side effects with the benefits of the medication. Medications may be needed as part of a comprehensive treatment plan that may include psychotherapy, peer programs, or rehabilitative services. Sometimes medications are not effective right away and may need to be changed several times to find the right one for you.